The mysteries of the Rosary are a series of events from the lives of Jesus and Mary that are remembered and meditated upon while praying the Rosary. There are four sets of mysteries: the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, the Glorious Mysteries, and the Luminous Mysteries.
The Joyful Mysteries are typically prayed on Mondays and Saturdays and focus on the events surrounding the birth of Jesus. They include the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Nativity, the Presentation, and the Finding of Jesus in the Temple.
The Sorrowful Mysteries are typically prayed on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Sundays and focus on the passion and death of Jesus. They include the Agony in the Garden, the Scourging at the Pillar, the Crowning with Thorns, the Carrying of the Cross, and the Crucifixion.
The Glorious Mysteries are typically prayed on Wednesdays and Sundays and focus on the resurrection and ascension of Jesus and the coming of the Holy Spirit. They include the Resurrection, the Ascension, the Descent of the Holy Spirit, the Assumption of Mary, and the Coronation of Mary as Queen of Heaven.
The Luminous Mysteries are typically prayed on Thursdays and focus on the public ministry of Jesus. They include the Baptism of Jesus, the Wedding at Cana, the Proclamation of the Kingdom, the Transfiguration, and the Institution of the Eucharist.
As Catholics pray the mysteries of the Rosary, they are encouraged to meditate on the events of the lives of Jesus and Mary and to reflect on their own lives and faith.